Carpentry is a skilled important work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of furniture. They traditionally worked with natural wood, but today many other materials are also used and sometimes the improved trades of cabinet making are considered carpentry. A finish carpenter is one who does finish carpentry, that is, cabinetry, furniture making, joinery or other carpentry where exact joints and minimal margins of errors are important. Some large-scale construction may be of an exactitude and artistry that it is classed as finish carpentry. Carpenters faster materials together with nails, screws, staples and adhesives, and do a final check of their work to ensure that it is completed according to specifications & clients requirements.
Metal fabrication is the building of metal structures by cutting, bending, and assembling process. It is a value added process that involves the construction of machines and structures from various raw materials. Usually based on the engineering drawings with final approval from the client will build the product. Large factory will employ a multitude of value added process in one plant or facility including welding, cutting, forming and machining. These large fab shops offer additional value to their customers by limiting the need for purchasing personal to locate multiple vendors for different services. Metal fabrications jobs usually star with drawings including precise measurements then move to the fabrication stage and finally to the installation of the final project. Fabrication shops are employed by specialized contractors. Typical projects include loose furniture parts, structural steel frames, etc
Solid Surface Fabrications
Solid surface is a high-maintenance material used of surfaces such as countertops. It can copy the appearance of granite, marble, stone, other naturally occurring materials, and can be jointed invisibly by a trained craftsman. Typically manufactured in sheet form for fabrication in to finished countertops, solid surface can also be cast into a variety of shapes, including sinks, which adds to the versatility of the product. In a residential setting, solid surface can be used as kitchen countertops, bathroom vanity tops. Countertop fabrications typically join solid surface sheets in to desired shapes using a two-part, after which the cured joint is machined flat. The same method is used to build up edge thickness, which can be profiled using tools and techniques similar to those used to work hardwoods. Major appeal of solid surface is engineered composites have a surface finish which makes them impervious to bacteria, staining and most of the problems inherent in natural stone. Solid surface sinks
can be joined to the countertop surfaces with no gaps, which eliminate areas for water to collect and bacteria to grow.
Upholstery is the work of providing seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers. The term is equally applicable to domestic & commercial furniture, and can be applied to mattresses, particularly the upper layers, though these often differ significantly in design. Traditional upholstery uses materials like coil springs, coir, hay, hessians, linen scrims, wadding etc, and is done by hand, building each layer up. In contrast, modern upholsters employ synthetic materials like Dacron and vinyl, serpentine springs, and so on. The frame of a sofa is made most often wood, though newer options include steel, plastic, and laminated boards or a combination of the above. Solid wood deemed free of knots, and compromising defects is used under the upholstery. Padding used in mass production are foam and polyester fiberfill wrap. A sofa may be covered with any choice of synthetic, natural, on blended fabric. Wool and nylon are the best choices in their respective categories of natural and synthetic fibers, but cotton has their own functional properties. Exterior fabric may be finished with a protective anti-stain coating.